Turfkruijer Part 9

Continued from Part 8


56.  JUDIK7 HANGJAS (MARCUS JOSEPH6, JOSEPH MARCUS5, MARCUS MORDECHAI JOSEPH JOZALE HANGJAS4 TURFKRUYE, JOSEPH JOZALE ABRAHAM HANGJAS3 TURFKRUIJER, LEVY JOEL HANGJAS2, JOEL JOSEPH HANGJAS1) was born 30 Mar 1874 in Haarlem, Nth Holland, Netherlands, and died 30 Sep 1937 in Antwerpen.  She married MORDECHAI VIEIJRA 27 Dec 1896 in Zaandam, son of DAVID VIEIJRA and REBECCA PIEMENTEL.  He was born 10 Jul 1870 in Amsterdam, and died 1944 in Deurne.

Children of JUDIK HANGJAS and MORDECHAI VIEIJRA are:
    i.    REBECCA8 VIEIJRA, b. 23 Oct 1903, Amsterdam; d. 11 Dec 1903, Amsterdam.
    ii.    RIEKE VIEIJRA, b. 27 Feb 1905, Amsterdam; d. 12 Sep 1998, Antwerpen; m. HIJMAN (HENRI) SALOMON; b. 1905, Amsterdam; d. 24 Apr 1974, Antwerpen.
    iii.    REBECCA VIEIJRA, b. 27 Jul 1907, Antwerpen; d. 11 Sep 1942, Auschwitz; m. ISIDOR FRANSMAN, 09 Mar 1904, Amsterdam; b. 09 Mar 1904, Amsterdam; d. 04 Sep 1942, Auschwitz.
110.    iv.    DAVID VIEIJRA, b. 23 Sep 1909, Antwerpen; d. 11 Sep 1942, Auschwitz.


57.  ELKAN7 HANGJAS (MARCUS JOSEPH6, JOSEPH MARCUS5, MARCUS MORDECHAI JOSEPH JOZALE HANGJAS4 TURFKRUYE, JOSEPH JOZALE ABRAHAM HANGJAS3 TURFKRUIJER, LEVY JOEL HANGJAS2, JOEL JOSEPH HANGJAS1) was born 08 Oct 1893 in Leiden, and died 31 Jan 1944 in Auschwitz.  He married (1) ELISABETH CATHARINA VAN DER HAM 26 May 1920 in Gravenhage, daughter of HIJMAN HAM and SUSANNA FULDAUER.  She was born 07 Jan 1895 in Gravenhage.  He married (2) SARAH HILDEGARD LACHS 20 May 1935 in Leiden, daughter of NATHAN LACHS and OLGA SAMUEL.  She was born 10 May 1905 in Hochkirchen, Nörvenich, and died 26 Feb 1943 in Auschwitz.

Child of ELKAN HANGJAS and ELISABETH HAM is:
    i.    LIESBETH SUSANNA8 HANGJAS.


58.  JOSEPH MARCUS7 HANGJAS (MARCUS JOSEPH6, JOSEPH MARCUS5, MARCUS MORDECHAI JOSEPH JOZALE HANGJAS4 TURFKRUYE, JOSEPH JOZALE ABRAHAM HANGJAS3 TURFKRUIJER, LEVY JOEL HANGJAS2, JOEL JOSEPH HANGJAS1) was born 15 Apr 1898 in Leiden, and died 31 Jan 1943 in Monowitz.  He married (1) SARA BOAS.  She was born Abt. 1900, and died 1939.  He married (2) CATHARINA AKKER Aft. 1939.  She was born 07 Oct 1905 in Antwerpen, and died 12 Oct 1942 in Auschwitz.

Child of JOSEPH HANGJAS and SARA BOAS is:
    i.    ELISABETH JEANETTE8 HANGJAS, b. 03 Jan 1928, Den Haag; d. 12 Oct 1942, Monowitz.


59.  HANNA7 HANGJAS (MARCUS JOSEPH6, JOSEPH MARCUS5, MARCUS MORDECHAI JOSEPH JOZALE HANGJAS4 TURFKRUYE, JOSEPH JOZALE ABRAHAM HANGJAS3 TURFKRUIJER, LEVY JOEL HANGJAS2, JOEL JOSEPH HANGJAS1) was born 23 Oct 1894 in Leiden, and died 13 Mar 1943 in Sobibor.  She married JACOB BLITZ 16 Jun 1920 in Leiden.  He was born 13 Apr 1883 in Amsterdam, and died 13 Mar 1943 in Sobibor.

Child of HANNA HANGJAS and JACOB BLITZ is:
    i.    ALICE8 BLITZ, b. 18 Jul 1923, Leiden; d. 26 Mar 1943, Sobibor.


60.  REGINA7 HANGJAS (SIMON6, JOSEPH MARCUS5, MARCUS MORDECHAI JOSEPH JOZALE HANGJAS4 TURFKRUYE, JOSEPH JOZALE ABRAHAM HANGJAS3 TURFKRUIJER, LEVY JOEL HANGJAS2, JOEL JOSEPH HANGJAS1) was born 23 Oct 1875 in Haarlem, and died 26 Oct 1942 in Auschwitz.  She married MEIJER TURFKRUIJER 04 Jan 1899 in Amsterdam, son of MEIJER TURFKRUIJER and FLORA AAP.  He was born 20 Aug 1875 in London, and died 26 Oct 1942 in Auschwitz.

Children of REGINA HANGJAS and MEIJER TURFKRUIJER are:
    i.    FLORA8 TURFKRUIJER, b. 15 Jun 1900, Amsterdam; d. 28 May 1943, Sobibor; m. ABRAHAM ZADOK PARSER, 13 Dec 1923, Amsterdam; b. 05 Oct 1899, Amsterdam; d. 28 May 1943, Sobibor.
    ii.    HENRICA TURFKRUIJER.


61.  MARIANNE7 KOSTER (SARA6 HANGJAS, JOSEPH MARCUS5, MARCUS MORDECHAI JOSEPH JOZALE HANGJAS4 TURFKRUYE, JOSEPH JOZALE ABRAHAM HANGJAS3 TURFKRUIJER, LEVY JOEL HANGJAS2, JOEL JOSEPH HANGJAS1) was born 10 Nov 1881 in Amsterdam, Netherlands, and died 1936 in Den Haag, Netherlands.  She married EDMOND RAYMOND ISAAC, son of JACQUES ISAAC and ANNA CANTHER.  He was born Abt. 1886 in Herstal.

Children of MARIANNE KOSTER and EDMOND ISAAC are:
    i.    JACQUES8 ISAAC, b. 1920.
    ii.    LOUIS ISAAC, b. 1923.
    iii.    RENEE ISAAC, b. 1928.


62.  WILLEM7 KOSTER (SARA6 HANGJAS, JOSEPH MARCUS5, MARCUS MORDECHAI JOSEPH JOZALE HANGJAS4 TURFKRUYE, JOSEPH JOZALE ABRAHAM HANGJAS3 TURFKRUIJER, LEVY JOEL HANGJAS2, JOEL JOSEPH HANGJAS1) was born 03 Dec 1884 in Amsterdam, Netherlands, and died 1945 in Netherlands.  He married MARIANNE LOUISE (JANNY) VAN DER HAM 22 Oct 1919 in Den Haag.  She was born 10 May 1896 in The Hague, Netherlands, and died 1985 in Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Children of WILLEM KOSTER and MARIANNE HAM are:
    i.    SONJA S8 KOSTER, b. 31 Jan 1921.
    ii.    SUZANNE KOSTER.


63.  MARCUS (MAX)7 KOSTER (SARA6 HANGJAS, JOSEPH MARCUS5, MARCUS MORDECHAI JOSEPH JOZALE HANGJAS4 TURFKRUYE, JOSEPH JOZALE ABRAHAM HANGJAS3 TURFKRUIJER, LEVY JOEL HANGJAS2, JOEL JOSEPH HANGJAS1) was born 14 Apr 1890 in Amsterdam, Netherlands, and died 03 Dec 1973 in Bronx, New York.  He married ESTHER DUITZ 29 Feb 1920 in Brooklyn, NY.  She was born 11 May 1891 in Amsterdam, Netherlands, and died 03 Jul 1979 in Bronx, New York.

Children of MARCUS KOSTER and ESTHER DUITZ are:
    i.    LEWIS WILLEM8 KOSTER.
    ii.    HENRY JOHN KOSTER.


64.  LEONARD7 KOSTER (SARA6 HANGJAS, JOSEPH MARCUS5, MARCUS MORDECHAI JOSEPH JOZALE HANGJAS4 TURFKRUYE, JOSEPH JOZALE ABRAHAM HANGJAS3 TURFKRUIJER, LEVY JOEL HANGJAS2, JOEL JOSEPH HANGJAS1) was born 11 Nov 1896 in Amsterdam, Netherlands, and died 11 Nov 1940 in Amsterdam, Netherlands.  He married MARIANNE (MARIETJE) DOTSCH 22 Apr 1925, daughter of DAVID DOTSCH and HANNA DE BRUIN.  She was born 24 Apr 1901 in Amsterdam, Netherlands, and died 14 Jul 1986 in Utrecht, Netherlands.

Child of LEONARD KOSTER and MARIANNE DOTSCH is:
    i.    LOUISE SONJA (WEIS)8 KOSTER, b. 12 Aug 1926.


65.  HIJMAN (HERMAN)7 WALLACH (CORNELIA6 PAARDEBEK, JANNETJE MARCUS5 HANGJAS, MARCUS MORDECHAI JOSEPH JOZALE HANGJAS4 TURFKRUYE, JOSEPH JOZALE ABRAHAM HANGJAS3 TURFKRUIJER, LEVY JOEL HANGJAS2, JOEL JOSEPH HANGJAS1) was born 19 Apr 1890 in Haarlem, and died 19 Oct 1942 in Katowice, Poland.  He married FROUKJE VAN ESSO 06 Apr 1913 in Groningen.  She was born 10 Sep 1890 in Groningen, and died 03 Sep 1943 in Katowice, Poland.

Children of HIJMAN WALLACH and FROUKJE VAN ESSO are:
    i.    ISIDOOR8 WALLACH, b. 25 Mar 1914.
    ii.    ROSETTA WALLACH, b. 04 Jun 1918.
    iii.    CORRIE WALLACH, b. 05 Jun 1920.
    iv.    LEO WALLACH, b. 07 Aug 1922.
    v.    JANSJE WALLACH.


66.  JANSJE7 WALLACH (CORNELIA6 PAARDEBEK, JANNETJE MARCUS5 HANGJAS, MARCUS MORDECHAI JOSEPH JOZALE HANGJAS4 TURFKRUYE, JOSEPH JOZALE ABRAHAM HANGJAS3 TURFKRUIJER, LEVY JOEL HANGJAS2, JOEL JOSEPH HANGJAS1) was born 15 Apr 1892 in Haarlem, and died 22 Oct 1942 in Auschwitz.  She married COENRAAD SAMUEL BERKELO.  He was born 18 Jun 1891 in Groningen, and died 22 Oct 1942 in Auschwitz.

Child of JANSJE WALLACH and COENRAAD BERKELO is:
    i.    CORNELIS8 BERKELO, b. 14 Sep 1926, Groningen; d. 28 Feb 1943, Auschwitz.


67.  IZAAK JOSEF7 HANGJAS (IZAAK JOSEF6, MAARTJE MARCUS5, MARCUS MORDECHAI JOSEPH JOZALE HANGJAS4 TURFKRUYE, JOSEPH JOZALE ABRAHAM HANGJAS3 TURFKRUIJER, LEVY JOEL HANGJAS2, JOEL JOSEPH HANGJAS1) was born Abt. 1879 in Haarlem.  He married MARGARETHA LAMET, daughter of NICOLAAS LAMET and JOHANNA VEERKAMP.  She was born Abt. 1884 in Den Haag.

Child of IZAAK HANGJAS and MARGARETHA LAMET is:
111.    i.    JOHANNES WILHELMUS8 HANGJAS, b. 05 Sep 1902, Den Haag; d. 04 Oct 1975, Amsterdam.


68.  ESTHER7 DUVEEN (JOEL JOSEPH6, JOSEPH5, ENOCH ELKAN JOSEPH4, JOSEPH MOSES HANGJAS3, MOSES JOEL HANGJAS2 TURFKRUIJER, JOEL JOSEPH HANGJAS1) was born 07 Nov 1870 in Hull, and died 22 Nov 1949.  She married (1) JULES JACQUES LOWENGARD 09 Mar 1891.    She married (2) JAMES HENRY DUVEEN 21 Nov 1911, son of HENRI HANGJAS-DUVEEN and BETJE DUVEEN.  He was born 1873 in Haarlem, and died 21 Nov 1911.

Notes for JAMES HENRY DUVEEN:
James (Jack) was an Art dealer in London. His residence: Hampstead Lane, Kenwood London

Children of ESTHER DUVEEN and JULES LOWENGARD are:
    i.    ARMAND8 LOWENGARD, b. 1893.
    ii.    DOROTHY LOWENGARD.


69.  JOSEPH JOEL7 DUVEEN (JOEL JOSEPH6, JOSEPH5, ENOCH ELKAN JOSEPH4, JOSEPH MOSES HANGJAS3, MOSES JOEL HANGJAS2 TURFKRUIJER, JOEL JOSEPH HANGJAS1) was born 14 Oct 1869 in Hull, and died 1939.  He married ELSIE SALAMON 31 Jul 1899.  She was born 18 Aug 1881 in New York.

Notes for JOSEPH JOEL DUVEEN:
Duveen, Joseph, 1st Baron Duveen of Millbank , 1869–1939, English art dealer. Beginning his career in 1886 in his father's firm, Duveen  Brothers, he soon expanded the business to mammoth dimensions. He  contributed paintings to many museums, notably the National Gallery and the Tate Gallery, both in London. After 1906 he employed Bernard Berenson to authenticate his great acquisitions in Renaissance art. A salesman with an amazing gift of persuasion, Duveen built an empire out  of the business of art dealing. He was the most influential agent in the  forming of the art collections of Henry Clay Frick, William Randolph Hearst, Henry E. Huntington, Samuel H. Kress, Andrew Mellon, John D. Rockefeller, and Joseph E. Widener. Many of these collections are now  in museums. In 1933, Duveen was created baron.

Duveen Brothers, notable art dealers in London, Paris, and New York from the late nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth century, brought to America high quality old master paintings and decorative arts from the great private collections in Europe. Under the guidance of Joseph Duveen (1869-1939) and assisted by art experts, most notably Bernard Berenson, the Duveen Brothers monopolized the American art market for five decades. Duveen Brothers helped to form the art collections of many extremely wealthy Americans. A number of these collections became the nuclei of U.S. museums such as the Frick Collection, the Huntington Art Collections and the National Gallery of Art.

The Duveen Brothers business began when Joseph Joel Duveen (1843-1908) and his younger brother, Henry J. Duveen (1855-1918), left their home in Meppel, Holland, for Hull, England. They specializedin selling delftware from their native Holland, and later branched out to include Chinese porcelain, tapestries, furniture, and old master paintings. The Duveens opened a London office in 1879; a New York office followed in 1886. In 1897, the firm closed a temporary shop located on the rue de la Paix in Paris and reopened a grander store on the Place Vendôme, later referred to as the "Little Palace." By this time, Duveen Brothers was purchasing important paintings, including acquisitions from the Mulgrave Castle sale of 1890 and the Murrieta sale of 1892.

Shortly after Henry J. Duveen arrived in New York to head the office there, his brother Joseph Joel sent his son Joseph (later Sir Joseph of Millbank, also known as Joe, or just Duveen) to assist his uncle Henry. By the 1880s, Henry had developed a clientele of American millionaires whose wealth in those years was without precedent. Joseph became more active in the management of the New York house, took over its operations in 1907, and served as president of the firm between 1909 and 1939. One of the first changes Joseph Duveen made was to move the New York house to a more highly visible location on Fifth Avenue. He transformed the Duveen show rooms, displaying art with dramatic lighting in lavish surroundings. He made grand gestures to persuade prospective clients, as, for example, when he had an elaborate plaster model of Senator Clark's Fifth Avenue mansion constructed (at the cost of $20, 000) to entice the Senator to hire Duveen Brothers to furnish it.

While in New York, Joseph made a number of bold purchases on behalf of Duveen Brothers. In 1906, he acquired three large collections: the Rodolfe Kann collection, the Maurice Kann collection, and the Hainauer collection. In 1927, he bought the Robert H. Benson collection of 114 Italian paintings in England, and three years later he purchased the Dreyfus collection of Italian paintings and sculpture in Paris. Joseph sold selections from the Dreyfus collection to Andrew Mellon and Samuel H. Kress; these items formed the core of the National Gallery collections in Washington, D.C. As late as 1939, the year of his death, Joseph was still selling paintings and sculpture from these purchases.

As president of Duveen Brothers, Joseph developed with a number of clients extremely close ties that went beyond influencing their art-buying habits. He arranged travel plans for his important clients, designed their table settings, and stored their preferred cigars in the Duveen Brothers' vaults. Joseph Duveen was actively involved in numerous art organizations, and served as a trustee for the National Gallery, London; the Wallace Collection; and the Imperial Gallery of Art, London. He was a member of the Council of the British School at Rome and of the National Art Collections Fund. Joseph founded the British Artists Exhibitions Organization for the encouragement of lesser known British artists. He provided for additions to and extensions of London museums, such as the Tate Gallery (a new building of several galleries for modern foreign art, works by Sargent, and modern foreign sculpture), the National Gallery (a new building), the National Portrait Gallery (a new building of several galleries), London University, and the British Museum (a new building for the housing of the Elgin marbles and Nereid statues). In 1930 he wrote Thirty Years of British Art.

The Duveen Brothers' business began to decline after Joseph's death in 1939, at which time Armand Lowengard (Joseph Duveen's nephew) and Edward Fowles became joint owners of the firm. When Lowengard died in 1943, Edward Fowles assumed the presidency of Duveen Brothers. The Nazi occupation of France forced Duveen Brothers to evacuate Paris. The London office closed shortly thereafter. After the war, Duveen Brothers had a number of notable clients, such as Henry Ford II and Robert Lehman, but the business never regained its former vibrancy. In 1964 Edward Fowles sold Duveen Brothers to Norton Simon, including the East 79th Street mansion and all remaining stock (excluding the business records). Edward Fowles served as a consultant to the Norton Simon Foundation and, in 1968, donated his papers and the Duveen Brothers business records to the Metropolitan Museum of Art where they were housed until 1996. In 1969 the Sterling & Francine Clark Art Institute purchased the Duveen library of books, periodicals, exhibition catalogues, and sales catalogues, along with a portion of the Duveen Brothers business records that was interfiled with the library, and remains at the Clark. In 1996 the Metropolitan Museum of Art donated the Duveen archive to the Research Library at the Getty Research Institute.

Child of JOSEPH DUVEEN and ELSIE SALAMON is:
    i.    DOROTHY8 DUVEEN, b. 1903; m. WILLIAM FRANCIS CUTHBERT GARTHWAITE, 23 Jul 1931.


70.  CHARLES JOEL7 DUVEEN (JOEL JOSEPH6, JOSEPH5, ENOCH ELKAN JOSEPH4, JOSEPH MOSES HANGJAS3, MOSES JOEL HANGJAS2 TURFKRUIJER, JOEL JOSEPH HANGJAS1) was born 02 Dec 1871 in Kingston Upon Hull, Yorkshire, England, and died 1940.  He married ANN KOHLER. 

Notes for CHARLES JOEL DUVEEN:
Occupation: Art dealer New York   Residence: 2 West 56th Street, New York New York

Charles of London was born Charles Duveen, the second son of Sir Joseph Joel Duveen and a member of the most renowned family of art dealers in England  since the 1890's. Unlike his siblings, Charles did not go into the family business, but went into business for himself. He set up shop on Fifth Avenue in New York City in 1907. The family insisted he not use "their" name for his business and paid him the equivalent of $25,000 a year not to use it. Charles Duveen used C.J. Charles, or Charles of London for his business dealings beginning in 1909.

At the dawn of the 20th century, as America was beginning to reap the rewards of its industrial development, a new American aristocracy was born of the  massive fortunes created by companies like Standard Oil. Charles stepped into this market that was eager to accept a member of the noted English family of art dealers, and hungry for the art and furniture of the "Old World."

Charles of London decorated the Elizabethan style rooms in Coe Hall and procured for the Coes the majority of their art and antiques. While the family was away, he would  decorate the house with tapestries, furniture, carpets and artwork that the Coes  requested or that he thought they would like. Whatever the Coes liked they would pay  for, the rest would be removed after they left the house to travel. This was called leaving  items on approval.

The "Olde English" style was becoming popular in America, and Charles of London not only excelled at it, he defined it. In 1911 he published a folio entitled Elizabethan Interiors that chronicled the development of decorative art from the 15th to the 17th centuries with comments on color, period and style. Photographs and  illustrations of manor houses in the British Isles (including Charles' own in Worcester, England) that he decorated  defined the new Elizabethan style. Charles had clients across the country and became so popular in America that  he closed his London office. He is known to have decorated a residence and the offices of William Randolph Hearst and the offices of Henry Huttleston Rogers. Charles of London also decorated:

Child of CHARLES DUVEEN and ANN KOHLER is:
    i.    CHARLES8 DUVEEN, b. 1922; d. 1978.


71.  LOUIS7 DUVEEN (JOEL JOSEPH6, JOSEPH5, ENOCH ELKAN JOSEPH4, JOSEPH MOSES HANGJAS3, MOSES JOEL HANGJAS2 TURFKRUIJER, JOEL JOSEPH HANGJAS1) was born 21 Feb 1874 in Hull, and died 04 Mar 1920.  He married HELEN BEATRICE SALAMON.  She was born 11 Jun 1881.

Children of LOUIS DUVEEN and HELEN SALAMON are:
112.    i.    LEONARD8 DUVEEN, d. 1986.
    ii.    CLAUDE DUVEEN, m. EILEEN ?.
    iii.    ARTHUR DUVEEN.
    iv.    MARGARET DUVEEN, d. 1942; m. WILLIAM ?.


72.  EDWARD JOEL7 DUVEEN (JOEL JOSEPH6, JOSEPH5, ENOCH ELKAN JOSEPH4, JOSEPH MOSES HANGJAS3, MOSES JOEL HANGJAS2 TURFKRUIJER, JOEL JOSEPH HANGJAS1) was born 20 Mar 1875 in Hull, and died 1946.  He married VERA MARSDEN 1912. 

Children of EDWARD DUVEEN and VERA MARSDEN are:
    i.    RAYMOND8 DUVEEN, b. 1921.
    ii.    ROSETTE DUVEEN.


73.  BENJAMIN JOEL7 DUVEEN (JOEL JOSEPH6, JOSEPH5, ENOCH ELKAN JOSEPH4, JOSEPH MOSES HANGJAS3, MOSES JOEL HANGJAS2 TURFKRUIJER, JOEL JOSEPH HANGJAS1) was born 07 Apr 1876, and died 1959 in New York.

Children of BENJAMIN JOEL DUVEEN are:
    i.    RHODA8 DUVEEN.
    ii.    BEN DUVEEN, b. 1915.


74.  FLORENCE7 DUVEEN (JOEL JOSEPH6, JOSEPH5, ENOCH ELKAN JOSEPH4, JOSEPH MOSES HANGJAS3, MOSES JOEL HANGJAS2 TURFKRUIJER, JOEL JOSEPH HANGJAS1) was born 1886, and died 1945.  She married RENE GIMPEL. 

Children of FLORENCE DUVEEN and RENE GIMPEL are:
    i.    CHARLES8 GIMPEL.
    ii.    PETER GIMPEL.

.

Continued in Part 10